IT security, also known as information technology security, is a set of cybersecurity strategies and practices that aim to prevent unauthorized access to organizational assets such as computers, networks, and data. Its primary goal is to maintain the integrity and confidentiality of sensitive information, blocking the access of sophisticated hackers 1.
IT security involves a range of technologies and security solutions that work together to address vulnerabilities in digital devices, computer networks, servers, databases, and software applications. Some commonly cited examples of IT security include endpoint security, cloud security, network security, and application security 2.
While IT security and cybersecurity are related, there is a distinction between the two. Cybersecurity refers to protecting an organization from unauthorized access and malicious attacks, whereas IT security is broader in nature. IT security includes any capability that helps protect and preserve data confidentiality, integrity, and availability from any digital threat. This can include protection from security issues that are non-malicious in nature, such as faulty hardware components or improper system configurations 3.
IT security is crucial for organizations to protect their digital assets and network devices. As hackers become more sophisticated, the need to safeguard sensitive information is even greater. While providing IT security can be expensive, the cost of a significant breach can be far more detrimental to an organization. Large breaches can jeopardize the health of a small business. Therefore, implementing IT security measures and following incident response plans are essential risk management tools to gain control of the situation 1.
IT security can be divided into two main areas: system disruptions and targeted malicious attacks. System disruptions can include issues such as faulty hardware components or improper system configurations. Targeted malicious attacks, on the other hand, involve unauthorized access, data breaches, cyberattacks, and other malicious activities. It is important for organizations to address both types of risks to ensure comprehensive IT security 3.
IT security is a critical aspect of protecting organizational assets such as computers, networks, and data. It involves a range of cybersecurity strategies and practices to prevent unauthorized access and maintain the integrity and confidentiality of sensitive information. By implementing IT security measures and following incident response plans, organizations can mitigate the risks associated with system disruptions and targeted malicious attacks 3(https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/products/security/what-is-it-security.html)[].